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Low temperature processing of PCMO thin film on Ir substrate for RRAM
A method of applying a PCMO thin film on an iridium substrate for use in a RRAM device, includes preparing a substrate; depositing a barrier layer on the...
Image background replacement method
An image's pixels are initially segmented into pixels of the image foreground and background by comparing the pixels of the image to updated models of background...
Optical disk, optical reproduction device, and optical recording device
An optical disk has a recording track constituted by sectors arranged in a concentric or spiral form. Each sector is divided into segments, and each segment...
Switching power supply
In relation to a starting circuit for supplying a DC supply voltage to the gate of a main switching device at a power-on to start a switching operation, a...
Shift register and image display apparatus using the same
A level shifter 13 is provided for each of SR flip flops F1 constituting a shift register 11. The level shifter 13 increases a voltage of a clock signal CK. This...
Display device and scanning circuit testing method
Each of a gate driver and a source driver periodically receives a clock signal and a start pulse, where the start pulse has a certain width and is shifted as...
Nitride semiconductor luminous element and optical device including it
According to an aspect of the present invention, a nitride semiconductor light emitting device includes a light emitting layer having a quantum well structure...
Connecting apparatus, image scanning apparatus, and image forming system
A connecting apparatus of the present invention includes a cable used for electrically connecting an apparatus main body section to a section rotatably supported...
Semiconductor device production method and semiconductor device
A semiconductor device production method is provided, which comprises the steps of: (a) forming an insulative film on an underlying substrate; (b) forming a...
Connection terminal and a semiconductor device including at least one
A first protection film (3) and a second protection film (4) are formed on an electrode pad (2). Bumps (5) are formed at sites where the deposited first and...
A tamper-evident label suitable for placement onto a container and cap assembly. The label may be characterized as a planar sheet having a tear strip that...
Combined monitor, video tape recorder and video camera
Combined monitor, video tape recorder and video camera
Copyright management apparatus
An electronic copyrighted work distribution management system includes an electronic copyrighted work sales apparatus selling an electronic copyrighted work, a...
Photoreceptor drum and image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus is provided with a photoreceptor drum which includes a cylindrical drum whose surface is coated with a photosensitive layer, and a...
Semiconductor laser device
A semiconductor laser device has a laser chip and a submount therefor. The submount has a fore end surface inclined in a direction of thickness of the submount....
Color filter layer and display device using the same
A color filter layer includes a first region and a second region, wherein the number of times that light used for display is transmitted through the color filter...
Single transistor ferroelectric transistor structure with high-k insulator
A ferroelectric transistor gate structure with a ferroelectric gate and a high-k insulator is provided. The high-k insulator may serve as both a gate dielectric...
Tetrahydropyran derivatives as neurokinin receptor antagonists
The present invention relates compounds of the formula (I): ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, R.sup.4, R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 represent...
Methods of fabricating a cross-point resistor memory array
Resistive cross-point memory devices are provided, along with methods of manufacture and use. The memory devices are comprised by an active layer of resistive...
Recording and reproducing device
A recording and reproducing device having a detector, which detects the beginning of inputting a string of characters associated with a user input while...
Switching power supply apparatus
A switching power supply apparatus operates with less power consumption as a whole as a result of reduced power loss suffered while the switching operation of...
Image reading device having inputs respectively associated with different
modes of use of read image data and...
An image reading device and an image forming apparatus including the device, include: a multiple number of document trays; a control panel through which each of...
Semiconductor device, liquid crystal module adopting same, method of
manufacturing liquid crystal module, and...
A semiconductor device of the present invention includes a film-like flexible substrate having formed thereon a wiring pattern, external connection terminals...
Semiconductor device including interlayer lens
A semiconductor device including an overcoat layer of a transparent material disposed on a substrate, a projection formed on the overcoat layer, a convex...
System and method for isolating silicon germanium dislocation regions in
strained-silicon CMOS applications
A dual gate strained-Si MOSFET with thin SiGe dislocation regions and a method for fabricating the same are provided. The method comprises: forming a first layer...
Variable quality semiconductor film substrate
A substrate and a method for fabricating variable quality substrate materials are provided. The method comprises: selecting a first mask having a first mask...
Solid-state imaging device and method for producing the same
A solid-state imaging device includes a semiconductor substrate, a light shielding section having an aperture for partially shielding light incident on a surface...
Oxide interface and a method for fabricating oxide thin films
An oxide interface and a method for fabricating an oxide interface are provided. The method comprises forming a silicon layer and an oxide layer overlying the...
Pattern transfer method using a mask and half tone mask
A half tone mask of the present invention is provided with a half tone film in which a thickness of the half tone film in a dense pattern area where optical...
Corrected mask pattern verification apparatus and corrected mask pattern
A corrected mask pattern verification apparatus includes a graphic operation section for generating differential mask pattern data based on design mask pattern...
Image reading device and image forming apparatus
An image reading device includes a document stacking tray on which documents are stacked, a feed roller for picking up, one sheet at a time, the documents that...
Developing apparatus and image forming apparatus using progressive wave
electric field transport
On surfaces of insulating layers 1b and 1c of a transportation member 1, a protective layer 1d having a volume resistivity of 10.sup.10 .OMEGA..multidot.cm to...
Liquid crystal device and display
A liquid crystal device such as a display comprises a twisted liquid crystal layer whose surface director orientation at a first surface is oriented in a first...
Liquid crystal display
A liquid crystal display is furnished with: a liquid crystal display element having a pair of substrates, to which alignment members are provided to their...
Liquid crystal display device and method for driving the same
A method for driving a liquid crystal display device including a plurality of row electrodes intersecting a plurality of column electrodes, a scanning voltage...
Imidazo-pyrimidine derivatives as ligands for gaba receptors
A class of 3-phenylimidazo[1,2-.alpha.]pyrimidine derivatives, substituted at the meta position of the phenyl ring by an optionally substituted aryl or...
Nitrogen substituted 1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazine derivatives for
The present invention provides a compound of formula (I) wherein A is an optionally substituted C.sub.1-4 alkylidene group or a bond, R.sup.20 and R.sup.21 are...
Method of forming multi-layers for a thin film transistor
The present invention concerns a method of forming multi-layers such as base-coat and active layers for TFTs. In accordance with the preferred embodiment of the...
Stamper, manufacturing method therefor and optical device manufactured
A fine pattern of an optical device formed by the Photo-Polymer method has a groove 100, a side wall 100a of which is sloped against a surface of stamper 18. The...
Method of synthesis of hafnium nitrate for HfO2 thin film deposition via
A method of preparing a hafnium nitrate thin film includes placing phosphorus pentoxide in a first vessel; connecting the first vessel to a second vessel...
Mobile communications device
A conventional mobile communications device typically employs a non-directional antenna so that the antenna offers a satisfactory gain irrespective of how the...
Scalable layered coding in a multi-layer, compound-image data transmission
A data coder prepares a frame of data for transmission over a data channel. The frame is first broken into a series of non-overlapping blocks. The blocks are...
Luminous display element
In a luminous display element, a retro-reflector is provided on the back side of an organic EL layer which includes an emission layer whose state changes between...
An image processor of the invention has an object to provide an effective moire suppression by using a spatial filter and an efficient edge emphasis by using a...
Omniazimuthal visual system
An omniazimuthal visual system includes: an optical system capable of obtaining an image of 360.degree. view field area therearound and capable of central...
Memory-integrated display element
In each pixel of a display element, a memory circuit is made up of two complementary inverters which are connected to each other in a loop manner, and stores...
Switched-capacitor amplifier and analog interface circuit for charge
coupled element adopting the same
In the hold phase, two negative feedback circuits constituted by the negative feedback capacitors 6p and 6m and two positive feedback circuits constituted by...
Reference voltage generating circuit
A semiconductor integrated circuit has an output end, an N-channel MOS transistor having the drain thereof connected to the output end, and a P-channel MOS...