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Image forming apparatus
A plurality of photosensitive drums are disposed in a sheet transport direction so as to be in contact with a transfer belt and a transfer voltage for...
Image encoder and image decoder
An image encoder/decoder by which a partial image is encoded easily with a resolution meeting the user's demand, wherein the encoded amount of data is not...
Gallium nitride semiconductor light emitting device having
multi-quantum-well structure active layer, and...
A gallium nitride semiconductor laser device has an active layer (6) made of a nitride semiconductor containing at least indium and gallium between an n-type...
Semiconductor laser device, optical pickup using the same, and apparatus
and method for manufacturing the same
The present invention relates to an optical pickup used for an optical recording information instrument such as CD-ROM, CD-R, MO, DVD and the like, and a...
Optical device and optical sensor
An aperture 12 for producing an evanescent wave is provided at an n-Au electrode 106. The aperture 12 is directed roughly perpendicularly to a direction in which...
Active matrix type liquid crystal display apparatus
In an active matrix type liquid crystal display apparatus, each of pixel electrodes has overhanging portions at its opposite side edges. These overhanging...
Light modulation information display device and illumination control device
An illumination control device for illuminating an light modulation information display device with light includes: at least one illumination device for...
Multi-symbol/coefficient decode operation for Huffman codes
Method and apparatus for use in Huffman decoding are described. In exemplary systems, a JPEG Huffman decoder is capable of simultaneously decoding multiple...
Integrated circuit apparatus and neuro element
Input signals are weighted by weighting means composed of variable resistors, each made of an oxide thin film with a perovskite structure containing manganese,...
One mask PT/PCMO/PT stack etching process for RRAM applications
A method of dry etching a PCMO stack, includes preparing a substrate; depositing a barrier layer; depositing a bottom electrode; depositing a PCMO thin film;...
A washer-dryer has a tub, a drum rotatably disposed inside the tub, and warm air feeding means for feeding warm air to dry laundry put in the drum. The...
System and method for increasing capacity in a noisy communication
A system and method are provided for a transmitter to delay message retransmission in a noise environment, where a communications network uses a shared channel....
Data driven information processor capable of internally processing data in
a constant frequency irrespective of...
A packet generation unit divides a plurality of generated clocks to generate clocks with different frequencies, selects any of the frequencies, sets destination...
High frequency receiving device
A high frequency receiving device in accordance with the present invention includes a local oscillation circuit made up of multiple voltage-controlled...
Transfer device having casing with elastic member
A transfer device includes: a discharge type transfer element for transferring the developer to a sheet by discharging electric charge to a static latent image...
Semiconductor laser device
There is provided a semiconductor laser device capable of maintaining a good luminous characteristic under severe environment. A cap 4 in an approximate portal...
Programming method of nonvolatile semiconductor memory device
This invention provides a programming method of a nonvolatile semiconductor device capable of programming multi-value data of three or more values rapidly. If...
Semiconductor light-emitting device
A semiconductor laser device as one example of semiconductor light-emitting devices includes a semiconductor laser chip and a submount serving respectively as a...
Cyclohexyl derivatives and their use as therapeutic agents
The present invention relates compounds of the formula (I): wherein ring A is a phenyl or pyridyl ring; X represents a linker selected from the group consisting...
Conductive film forming composition, conductive film, and method for
forming the same
There are provided a conductive film forming composition capable of forming wiring or an electrode which can be suitably used in a variety of electronic devices,...
Document backing surface for show-through and artifact reduction
A document-backing surface for reducing show-through when a duplex-printed document is scanned but without producing undesirable artifacts. The document-backing...
Active matrix device and display
An active matrix devise comprises an array of picture elements. Each picture element has an image element, such as an LCD cell (11) connected to a first storage...
Liquid crystal display device and its drive method
A MVA type liquid crystal panel is slow in a response speed when a black state at a drive voltage about 1V is switched to a low brightness halftone state at the...
Nonvolatile semiconductor memory and method of operating the same
A nonvolatile semiconductor memory having a memory cell comprises: a semiconductor substrate having a pair of trenches formed on a surface thereof; first...
Method of etching a SiN/Ir/TaN or SiN/Ir/Ti stack using an aluminum hard
A method of etching includes preparing a substrate; depositing a first etch stop layer; forming an iridium bottom electrode layer; depositing a SiN layer;...
Crystalline semiconductor film, method of manufacturing the same, and
A spin addition method for catalyst elements is simple and very important technique, because the minimum amount of a catalyst element necessary for ...
Solar electric generator
Semiconductor device and method of manufacturing the same
A first semiconductor chip is produced by affixing a thermo-compression sheet to the back surface of a wafer having a circuit formed on its front surface. The...
Satellite broadcast receiving device having two local oscillation circuits
and reduced spurious signal
A first printed circuit board is attached to an upper surface of a chassis, and a second printed circuit board is attached to a lower surface of the chassis. The...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device of a vertical alignment mode is provided in which a quenching pattern, which is generated by such liquid crystal molecules whose...
Liquid crystal display device with domains formed over solid and open
portions of an electrode
The liquid crystal display device of this invention includes a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first substrate...
Transflective LCD device having less distance between transmission region
and first bus line than transmission...
A liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate; a second substrate; a liquid crystal layer interposed between the first substrate and the second...
Gray code counter
Conventionally, it is difficult to design the logic of a Gray code counter that can be used in interlaced counting. Even though interlaced counting is possible...
Method of image background replacement
A method for background replacement. The method takes an input image of one or more frames of video, or a still image, and performs an initial classification of...
Light receiving element, light detector with built-in circuitry and optical
A light receiving element, comprising a semiconductor structure comprising at least a first conductivity type semiconductor layer, a first, second conductivity...
Electromagnetic imaging apparatus and manufacturing method therefor
A detector panel having a bias application electrode and a converter layer formed on a supporting substrate, and a readout panel (active matrix panel), are...
Methods and apparatus for controlling operation of a microwave oven in a
A microwave oven, a relay box communicating with the microwave oven and a personal computer communicating with the relay box are provided in private. The...
Heating device and heating method
An upper heat roller with an external heat source and a lower heat roller with an internal heat source are arranged with a paper transport path therebetween, in...
Imidazolophthalazine derivatives as ligands for GABAA receptors
A class of substituted imidazolo[5,1-a]phthalazine derivatives as ligands for GABA.sub.A receptors of formula I ##STR1## which are partial or full inverse...
Asymmetric-area memory cell
An asymmetric-area memory cell, and a fabrication method for forming an asymmetric-area memory cell, are provided. The method includes: forming a bottom...
Magneto-optical recording medium having a reproducing layer composed to
control movement of domain walls therein
A magneto-optical recording medium includes at least a first magnetic layer, a second magnetic layer and a third magnetic layer which are layered in this order,...
Wiring board with built-in electronic component and method for producing
A built-in electronic component-mounted wiring board includes an electronic component having a connecting terminal and being mounted on a support; an insulating...
System, method and program for perspective projection image creation, and
recording medium storing the same program
A perspective projection image creation system of the present invention includes: an optical system including a hyperboloidal mirror; an imaging section...
Semiconductor storage device and information apparatus using the same
A semiconductor storage device includes: a memory cell array including a plurality of memory cells which are connected to a plurality of pairs of complementary...
Semiconductor memory device
A semiconductor memory device is provided, which comprising a memory cell array comprising a two-value memory region and a multi-value memory region, in which...
Magnetic signal recording method and magnetic recording-reproduction
A magnetic signal recording method of the present invention superimposes a recording edge of a recordable region on a region where there is substantial equality...
Method for correcting lightness of image
A method is provided for correcting lightness of an image using a multiscale retinex. Lightness of a subject pixel of an original image is corrected using a...
Using a paper preview in document management applications
A method of using a document management application to update a user interface for a printer. The method includes scanning the paper from a paper tray of a...