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(1,8) naphthyridines as gaba ligands, their pharmaceutical compositions and
A class of [1,8] naphthyridine analogues which are substituted in the 4-position by a substituted phenyl ring. These compounds are ligands for GABA.sub.A...
Dual damascene etching process
An etching process yields an optimized formation of via holes through the combination of semiconductor material selection and etchant parameters. Over an...
Backlight apparatus, and a liquid crystal display (LCD) therewith
Dissipation of heat generated by a luminescent source, such as a fluorescent lamp, of a backlight apparatus and an LCD therewith is enhanced by providing a...
System and method for installing printer driver software
A system and method are provided for a network-connected printer to supply printer driver software to a network-connected computer workstation. The method...
Apparatus for performing anastomosis
A wide-slit lateral growth projection mask, projection system, and corresponding crystallization process are provided. The mask includes an opaque region with at...
Semiconductor laser element and process for producing the same
In a semiconductor laser element, a semiconductor layer interface 116 containing oxygen atoms is present above an active layer 103 in at least an internal region...
Data driven information processing apparatus
A data packet, having a flag for determination of its processing content, a tag field and a data field, is sequentially transferred between pipeline registers...
Optical semiconductor component package and optical pickup device
In an optical semiconductor package according to the present invention, the component bearing surface of the stem having an outline made up of opposed first and...
Internet facsimile apparatus
An object of the invention is to provide an internet facsimile apparatus used by plural users, capable of reading out an electronic mail to each user by a simple...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate, a second substrate placed to face the first substrate, and a liquid crystal layer interposed between...
Reflective liquid crystal display device and reflective liquid crystal
display device incorporating touch panel...
A reflective color liquid crystal display device with a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between a first substrate having a light reflectibility and a second...
Liquid crystal display
To reduce viewing angle dependence of .gamma. characteristics in a normally black liquid crystal display. Each pixel 10 has a first sub-pixel 10a and a second...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display apparatus has a plurality of TFTs and pixel electrodes disposed in a matrix form in regions surrounded with scanning lines and signal...
Inhibitors of Akt activity
The present invention is directed to compounds comprising a triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine moiety which inhibit the activity of Akt, a serine/threonine protein...
Network system transmitting data to mobile terminal, server used in the
system, and method for transmitting...
A system communicating data with a mobile node includes a server and a plurality of networks connected to the server. The mobile node moves between the plurality...
Satellite receiving converter and satellite receiving system
A satellite receiving converter of the present invention performs receiving operation in response to a pulse signal supplied from a tuner. To prevent an...
Image adjusting method, image forming apparatus and memory product
An average concentration value is detected within a measurement area (about 10 dots) corresponding to the pitch of a detection pattern in the total color...
Image forming device, toner and copy
An image forming device 1 comprises an electrophotographic processing unit 48 equipped with a developer 44 including a developing agent containing black toner...
Image forming apparatus
A plurality of photosensitive drums are disposed in a sheet transport direction so as to be in contact with a transfer belt and a transfer voltage for...
Image encoder and image decoder
An image encoder/decoder by which a partial image is encoded easily with a resolution meeting the user's demand, wherein the encoded amount of data is not...
Gallium nitride semiconductor light emitting device having
multi-quantum-well structure active layer, and...
A gallium nitride semiconductor laser device has an active layer (6) made of a nitride semiconductor containing at least indium and gallium between an n-type...
Semiconductor laser device, optical pickup using the same, and apparatus
and method for manufacturing the same
The present invention relates to an optical pickup used for an optical recording information instrument such as CD-ROM, CD-R, MO, DVD and the like, and a...
Optical device and optical sensor
An aperture 12 for producing an evanescent wave is provided at an n-Au electrode 106. The aperture 12 is directed roughly perpendicularly to a direction in which...
Active matrix type liquid crystal display apparatus
In an active matrix type liquid crystal display apparatus, each of pixel electrodes has overhanging portions at its opposite side edges. These overhanging...
Light modulation information display device and illumination control device
An illumination control device for illuminating an light modulation information display device with light includes: at least one illumination device for...
Multi-symbol/coefficient decode operation for Huffman codes
Method and apparatus for use in Huffman decoding are described. In exemplary systems, a JPEG Huffman decoder is capable of simultaneously decoding multiple...
Integrated circuit apparatus and neuro element
Input signals are weighted by weighting means composed of variable resistors, each made of an oxide thin film with a perovskite structure containing manganese,...
One mask PT/PCMO/PT stack etching process for RRAM applications
A method of dry etching a PCMO stack, includes preparing a substrate; depositing a barrier layer; depositing a bottom electrode; depositing a PCMO thin film;...
A washer-dryer has a tub, a drum rotatably disposed inside the tub, and warm air feeding means for feeding warm air to dry laundry put in the drum. The...
System and method for increasing capacity in a noisy communication
A system and method are provided for a transmitter to delay message retransmission in a noise environment, where a communications network uses a shared channel....
Data driven information processor capable of internally processing data in
a constant frequency irrespective of...
A packet generation unit divides a plurality of generated clocks to generate clocks with different frequencies, selects any of the frequencies, sets destination...
High frequency receiving device
A high frequency receiving device in accordance with the present invention includes a local oscillation circuit made up of multiple voltage-controlled...
Transfer device having casing with elastic member
A transfer device includes: a discharge type transfer element for transferring the developer to a sheet by discharging electric charge to a static latent image...
Semiconductor laser device
There is provided a semiconductor laser device capable of maintaining a good luminous characteristic under severe environment. A cap 4 in an approximate portal...
Programming method of nonvolatile semiconductor memory device
This invention provides a programming method of a nonvolatile semiconductor device capable of programming multi-value data of three or more values rapidly. If...
Semiconductor light-emitting device
A semiconductor laser device as one example of semiconductor light-emitting devices includes a semiconductor laser chip and a submount serving respectively as a...
Cyclohexyl derivatives and their use as therapeutic agents
The present invention relates compounds of the formula (I): wherein ring A is a phenyl or pyridyl ring; X represents a linker selected from the group consisting...
Conductive film forming composition, conductive film, and method for
forming the same
There are provided a conductive film forming composition capable of forming wiring or an electrode which can be suitably used in a variety of electronic devices,...
Document backing surface for show-through and artifact reduction
A document-backing surface for reducing show-through when a duplex-printed document is scanned but without producing undesirable artifacts. The document-backing...
Active matrix device and display
An active matrix devise comprises an array of picture elements. Each picture element has an image element, such as an LCD cell (11) connected to a first storage...
Liquid crystal display device and its drive method
A MVA type liquid crystal panel is slow in a response speed when a black state at a drive voltage about 1V is switched to a low brightness halftone state at the...
Nonvolatile semiconductor memory and method of operating the same
A nonvolatile semiconductor memory having a memory cell comprises: a semiconductor substrate having a pair of trenches formed on a surface thereof; first...
Method of etching a SiN/Ir/TaN or SiN/Ir/Ti stack using an aluminum hard
A method of etching includes preparing a substrate; depositing a first etch stop layer; forming an iridium bottom electrode layer; depositing a SiN layer;...
Crystalline semiconductor film, method of manufacturing the same, and
A spin addition method for catalyst elements is simple and very important technique, because the minimum amount of a catalyst element necessary for ...
Solar electric generator
Semiconductor device and method of manufacturing the same
A first semiconductor chip is produced by affixing a thermo-compression sheet to the back surface of a wafer having a circuit formed on its front surface. The...
Satellite broadcast receiving device having two local oscillation circuits
and reduced spurious signal
A first printed circuit board is attached to an upper surface of a chassis, and a second printed circuit board is attached to a lower surface of the chassis. The...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device of a vertical alignment mode is provided in which a quenching pattern, which is generated by such liquid crystal molecules whose...