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Integrated circuit structure including electrodes with PGO ferroelectric
thin film thereon
A method of forming an electrode and a ferroelectric thin film thereon, includes preparing a substrate; depositing an electrode on the substrate, wherein the...
Infrared communication module with remote control transmission function
An infrared communication module with remote control function includes a PD chip for IrDA data, an IC chip, an LED chip for IrDA data, and an LED chip for remote...
Semiconductor device having an efficient gettering region
In order to solve the problem of inferior gettering efficiency in the n-channel TFT, the present invention provides at an end of the source/drain regions of the...
High frequency heating apparatus with displacement identifiable remaining
heating duration and phase control...
In a high frequency heating apparatus, a microcomputer inputs the phase signal of a commercial AC power supply and determines whether a timer switch in a...
Method of making a non-volatile memory using a plasma oxidized high-k
A method of fabricating a non-volatile memory device includes preparing a substrate; depositing a layer of HfO.sub.2 by atomic layer deposition; annealing the...
Thin secondary battery
A thinner secondary battery can be provided by a thin secondary battery characterized by comprising a battery element obtained by stacking positive electrode...
Ink jet printer having multiple ink heads
Print is made on a recording paper by running an ink carriage along the supporting axis in a reciprocating motion. The ink carriage includes ink heads...
Coding method, recording medium, decoding method, and recording-medium
At a preceding stage of a PR-channel APP decoder out of two APP decoders constituting a turbo decoder is disposed a logarithmic-likelihood computing circuit that...
Heating roller of a fixing device with two internal heaters for axial heat
A heating device for heating a recording sheet. The heating device has a first heater located within a heating roller. The first heater has a heat distribution...
System and method for using a printer to collate a document
A system and method are provided for using a printer to collate a document from preprinted pages. The method includes: loading document sections in at least one...
An object of the invention is to provide a communication system that enables telephone communications to be quickly performed by a simple operation. A user...
Bidirectional shift register and display device incorporating same
The present invention includes: a shift register section, including multiple-stage flip-flops operating in synchronism with a clock signal, for switching a shift...
Semiconductor laser device
A semiconductor laser device has a laser chip, a stem having a block portion on which the laser chip is mounted, and a cap mounted on the stem so as to cover the...
Nonvolatile semiconductor memory device and control method thereof
A nonvolatile semiconductor memory device includes a memory array in which a plurality of memory cells are arranged in a row direction and a column direction,...
Projection display system using polarized light
A projection display system using polarized light comprises a light source for generating a light beam having at least two light components, wherein the light...
Method and apparatus for background adjustment in color reproduction
A method for background adjustment. A background lightness level in an original image is estimated. Pixels are then converted to a luminance-chrominance color...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device includes a plurality of picture element regions each including a first electrode provided on one side of a first substrate that...
Optical writing device and image forming apparatus
This invention provides an optical writing device to be supported at a predetermined position in an image forming apparatus, as well as an image forming...
Two-panel reflective liquid crystal display projection system and method
of using the same
A system provides a two-panel projection system wherein both display devices run a sequence of red, green, and blue color fields with the sequences staggered so...
Bidirectional photothyristor chip
A Schottky barrier diode 44 is formed between a P-gate diffusion region 33 and an N-type silicon substrate 31 in a photothyristor on a CH1 side and a...
Benzodiazepine derivatives as inhibitors of gamma secretase
Compounds of formula (I) are disclosed. The compounds inhibit the action of gamma secretase, and hence find use in the treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's...
Vertical thin film transistor
A vertical thin-film transistor (V-TFT) is provided along with a method for forming the V-TFT. The method comprises: providing a substrate made from a material...
Asymmetrical programming ferroelectric memory transistor
A method of fabricating and programming a ferroelectric memory transistor for asymmetrical programming includes fabricating a ferroelectric memory transistor...
DTV data service application and receiver mechanism
A system for providing a data broadcast service for digital television receivers. The system includes a data authoring system for creating a program description,...
Adaptive run-time data transfer optimization
A method and apparatus optimizes the speed and efficiency of data transfer between two devices having different data input/output rates. In one embodiment, the...
Information receiving apparatus and information providing apparatus that
communicates information corresponding...
An information receiving apparatus receives information items from a plurality of information providing apparatuses. An information item contains information and...
Programming verification method of nonvolatile memory cell, semiconductor
memory device, and portable...
A method of verifying programming of a nonvolatile memory cell to a desired state, the method comprising the steps of: selecting first and second references...
Semiconductor memory device, method for driving the same and portable
A method for driving a semiconductor memory device includes a memory array having a plurality of memory cells arranged in rows and columns. Each memory cell...
Driver circuit for semiconductor storage device and portable electronic
A semiconductor storage device is provided with a gate electrode, a semiconductor layer, a gate insulating film sandwiched between the gate electrode and the...
Nonvolatile semiconductor memory device, and programming method and
erasing method thereof
One end of each variable resistive element, which forms a memory array, in the same row is connected to the same word line and the other end of each variable...
Antiglare film, method for fabricating the same, polarizer element and
display device employing the same, and...
An antiglare film has an internal diffusion layer, composed of a transparent matrix and a transparent diffusive material, and surface irregularities. The...
Image forming apparatus and image processing method used for the same
When an image forming means forms a reading gradation pattern chart, gradation patterns are formed so as to prevent an intensified electric field caused by a...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device comprises a first substrate and a second substrate facing each other and maintaining a predetermined cell gap, liquid crystals...
Reusable digital camera that prevents unauthorized use
A reusable digital camera includes a memory storing a picked-up image, and a phototransistor provided in the camera to detect disassembly of the camera. When the...
Amplifying solid-state image pickup device
There is provided an amplifying solid-state image pickup device capable of improving S/N and maintaining a charge-voltage conversion efficiency high. In the...
Strained silicon on insulator from film transfer and relaxation by
Transistors fabricated on SSOI (Strained Silicon On Insulator) substrate, which comprises a strained silicon layer disposed directly on an insulator layer, have...
Method of making a substrate having buried structure and method for
fabricating a display device including the...
A method of making a substrate having a buried structure includes the steps of preparing a glass substrate having a principal surface, forming a groove on the...
MFIS ferroelectric memory array on SOI and method of making same
An MFIS memory array having a plurality of MFIS memory transistors with a word line connecting a plurality of MFIS memory transistor gates, wherein all MFIS...
Sheet accumulation processing device
There is disclosed a sheet accumulation processing device having a shielding mechanism of a sheet discharge opening which is simple in mechanism, low in cost and...
Ink cartridge and image forming apparatus
An ink cartridge includes an ink containing section including an ink absorbing body made of a porous material for retaining ink. The ink cartridge satisfies...
Solution injector head, functional layer forming apparatus and liquid
In a solution emitting head for emitting a solution through an outlet, having a main body including a cavity, a cover attached to the main body in such a manner...
Print head maintenance mechanism
An object of the invention is to provide a less costly print head maintenance mechanism featuring a compact, simple construction and negating the need for a...
Integer cosine transform matrix for picture coding
An integer transform matrix is used for implementing a Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT). Optimized values for the integer transform matrix are derived that...
Electrically controlled apparatus
An electronically controlled apparatus of the present invention includes: an input-output section, which electronically processes and outputs input data; a...
Fast method of finding approximate nearest neighbor in high-dimensional
space with a dynamically changing sample
A method of approximating a nearest neighbor includes identifying a target value in an image; selecting a range about the target value; analyzing each...
Semiconductor memory device and portable electronic apparatus
A semiconductor memory device includes a memory cell array in which plural memory cells are arranged, a memory operation circuit, connected to the memory cell...
Motion picture pseudo contour correcting method and image display device
using the method
A gray level shift is detected as to adjacent pixels in the same field as that of an original signal inputted, so that gray level information is obtained....
High-frequency filter circuit and high-frequency communication device
A high-frequency filter circuit comprises a first coupled transmission line system (G1) including a first line (TL1) having a line end (1A) serving as an input...
Semiconductor laser manufacturing method and semiconductor laser
Silver paste is applied to a stem, and a semiconductor laser chip is mounted onto the stem on which the silver paste has been applied. Next, the semiconductor...