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Method for creating mask pattern for circuit fabrication and method for
verifying mask pattern for circuit...
A method for creating mask pattern data for fabricating a circuit includes the steps of dividing original mask pattern data into a plurality of regions having a...
Border eliminating device, border eliminating method, and authoring device
The image input part (3) in an authoring device (1) reads a plurality of pages of a paper publication and creates images of the pages. In the border eliminating...
Color image forming apparatus
A multiple number of image forming stations are provided for multiple development colors including black. Each station having a photoreceptor. Each one of the...
Equipment unit with imperceptible information recorded thereon being used
with an image forming device and an...
An equipment unit such as a toner cartridge detachably equipped to an image forming device has a product information related to the equipment unit recorded on...
Resolution scalable video coder for low latency
A method in a scalable encoder for reducing the average latency associated with randomly accessing an encoded digital video signal is disclosed. This method may...
Semiconductor memory device and portable electronic apparatus
A semiconductor memory device includes a control logic circuit for generating read selection signals each selecting one plane for reading and write selection...
Low voltage, island-layer-based nonvolatile semiconductor storage device
with floating biased memory cell channel
A method for driving a nonvolatile memory device including a semiconductor substrate, an island semiconductor layer on the substrate, a memory cell having a...
Semiconductor storage device, display device and portable electronic
A semiconductor storage device includes a memory cell array 21 in which a plurality of memory elements are arranged and a program verify circuit 30. The memory...
Test terminal negation circuit for protecting data integrity
A test terminal negation circuit comprises a switch circuit which receives a test signal from a test terminal and outputs it in an asserted state as it is or in...
Liquid crystal display device with improved field angles
A liquid crystal display device includes a display element with a pair of substrates, a liquid crystal layer between the substrates, and an alignment film on a...
Solid-state image sensor device and solid-state image sensor apparatus
A solid-state image sensor device comprises a photoelectric converter for converting incident light to electric charge, a logarithmic converter for ...
Display apparatus and display method
A display apparatus conducting time-division gradation display is provided with: a capacitor for keeping a signal level captured by a first TFT; at least one...
A memory array layer for use in a 3D RRAM is formed, with peripheral circuitry, on a silicon substrate; layers of silicon oxide, bottom electrode material,...
A semiconductor device allows a second seal portion 8 made of a conductive resin to function as an electromagnetic wave shield for a photodetector 3 and a...
Single-phase c-axis doped PGO ferroelectric thin films
A method for forming a doped PGO ferroelectric thin film, and related doped PGO thin film structures are described. The method comprising: forming either an...
Photocoupler, method for producing the same, and electronic device
equipped with the photocoupler
A photocoupler comprises a light emitting element and a light detecting element which are both mounted on lead frames. The light emitting element and the light...
In.sub.2O.sub.3thin film resistivity control by doping metal oxide
insulator for MFMox device applications
The present invention discloses a novel ferroelectric transistor design using a resistive oxide film in place of the gate dielectric. By replacing the gate...
Epitaxial growth of germanium photodetector for CMOS imagers
A method of fabricating a germanium photodetector includes preparing a silicon wafer as a silicon substrate; depositing a layer of silicon nitride on the silicon...
Method of forming ferroelectric thin films on a high-k layer
A method of forming a ferroelectric thin film on a high-k layer includes preparing a silicon substrate; forming a high-k layer on the substrate; depositing a...
Method of fabricating an X/Y alignment vernier
A two dimensional vernier is provided along with a method of fabrication. The two dimensional vernier has a reference array patterned into a substrate, or a...
Radio communication apparatus
A receiving device includes a receiving section for receiving a real-time signal; a packet analyzing section; an error correction section for correcting an error...
Image processing system, and semiconductor device and digital still camera
apparatus using image processing system
A data processing system includes: at least one function module connected to a single system bus; a data transfer controller which outputs a first bus use...
Processing of video content
Processing of video content including sports.
Image processor, image processing method, and medium on which image
processing program is recorded
In order to the monochromatic conversion of an image, in an image processing apparatus (1a), the color used within the image inputted from an image inputting...
Semiconductor memory device and method for programming and erasing a
A semiconductor memory device comprises a memory array in which memory cells having variable resistive elements (R.sub.11 to R.sub.ij) whose electrical...
Switching power supply apparatus
A switching power supply apparatus is provided that is not thermally destroyed even if the load remains short-circuited for a long time when the voltage of the...
Adaptive image filtering based on a distance transform
A method for reducing visual artifacts in reconstructed images. One embodiment of the method determines edge energy for each pixel in the image and then compares...
Liquid crystal display device
In a transmission/reflection combination type LCD that includes a CF substrate having a counter electrode part; a TFT substrate having a reflection pixel...
Light-control device and method of driving
An optical control device in accordance with the present invention includes a substrate (1) with light output layers (4); a substrate (2) with a light...
Display driving apparatus and display apparatus using same
A standard voltage generating circuit generates standard voltages as many as the number of gradations. Then, the standard voltages are separated into standard...
Character display apparatus, character display method, and recording
A character display apparatus includes: a display device having a plurality of pixels; and a control section for controlling the display device, wherein each of...
Liquid crystal display
A common electrode driving circuit is provided on a TFT substrate as a first substrate. Striped common electrodes are formed along the layout of pixels, such as...
Portable transceiver antenna
It is an object to provide a portable wireless communication apparatus antenna, which is slidable relative to a casing and completely retractable in the casing...
Liquid crystal display device and/or circuit substrate including bump
electrodes and electrode pads
A semiconductor device includes a semiconductor substrate, a plurality of electrode pads aligned on the semiconductor substrate, and a plurality of bump...
Semiconductor light emitting element
A semiconductor light emitting element of a monolithic structure, including: a first-conductivity-type semiconductor substrate; an active layer formed on the...
Optical object identification apparatus, and printing apparatus and object
classification apparatus using same
An optical object identification apparatus has a light emitting-side optical system (23), a light receiving-side optical system (26), and a signal processing...
Imidazo-triazine derivatives as ligands for gaba receptors
A class of 7-phenylimidazo[1,2-b][1,2,4]triazine derivatives, substituted at the meta position of the phenyl ring by an optionally substituted aryl or heteroaryl...
Communications method, communications apparatus and communications system
using same communications apparatus
A communications method carries out error-correction encoding of data, generation of a suitable packet in accordance with a retransmission request from a...
Method and apparatus of data transfer controlling data transfer among a
plurality of equipments connected to a...
A data transfer apparatus includes an attribute collecting unit collecting attribute of data managed by an equipment connected to a network, a transfer control...
Image forming apparatus with cooling system
An image forming apparatus has a first transport path for guiding a sheet of recording medium carrying a fixed image upward. There is a second transport path...
Filter for combined de-ringing and edge sharpening
A filter for post-processing digital images and videos, having an edge mapper, a pixel sorter, and an adaptive filter that simultaneously performs de-ringing and...
Video contrast enhancement through partial histogram equalization
Methods and apparatus for video contrast enhancement are disclosed. A pixel level threshold is set for an input video frame in a video sequence. For pixel levels...
Optical head with passive temperature compensation
An optical pickup apparatus includes a light source and a light detector provided on a stem for detecting source emitted light reflected by an optical recording...
Light receiving amplification element
The object of the invention is to provide a light receiving amplification element applicable to an optical pickup apparatus comprising a semiconductor...
Objective lens driving device and optical pickup device using the same
An objective lens driving device includes: a movable section 8 for collecting light of a light source onto an optical disk 2; and a driving section for driving...
Non-volatile semiconductor memory device
The present invention is intended to realize executing high-speed program and erasure by using a NAND type memory cell unit that suits high degree of integration...
Electronic module and method for fabricating the same
An electronic module includes an electronic circuit board having circuit elements, signal lines connected to the circuit elements, and board terminals disposed...
Liquid crystal panel and liquid crystal projector
There is provided a liquid crystal panel in which the brightness of an image is high, and deterioration in display quality due to defects such as uneven display...