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Germanium photo detector having planar surface through germanium epitaxial
A method of fabricating a germanium photo detector includes preparing a silicon substrate wafer and depositing and planarizing a silicon oxide layer on the...
Semiconductor element, semiconductor device, and method for fabrication
A nitride semiconductor growth layer is laid on a substrate having an engraved region provided with a depressed portion.
Micro corner cube array, method of making the micro corner cube array, and
A method of making a micro corner cube array includes the steps of: providing a substrate, at least a surface portion of which consists of cubic single crystals...
Cleaning apparatus for semiconductor wafer
A cleaning apparatus for a semiconductor wafer comprising: a double container including an inner container with an upper opening for accommodating a substrate to...
Substrate cleaning device and substrate processing facility
A substrate cleaning device is provided, which comprises a first cleaning room including a first cleaning portion for cleaning a substrate placed therein, and a...
Non-volatile semiconductor memory device having a password protection
In a nonvolatile semiconductor memory device according to the present invention, a password protection function is enabled or disabled based on a first specified...
Service management method, service management program, and information
recording medium recording the program
A service management method of the present invention is provided so as to enable a service provider to easily obtain information on a user's usage conditions...
Portable information processing apparatus
An outer display is provided in an area exposed to the outside, of a first movable part in a closed condition where the first and second movable parts are...
Infrared transmitter circuit and electronic device
An infrared transmitter circuit causes an output current to flow to a light emission diode via a current mirror circuit constituted of three transistors by using...
Semiconductor laser device and illumination apparatus
A semiconductor laser device is provided, which comprises a semiconductor laser element having a light emission surface, a reflective member having a reflective...
A transmitter/receiver apparatus has a status checker that checks whether a plurality of ports of different types are active or not and a reference table that...
Radio communication system
A TDMA radio communication system uses a multiple sub-carrier modulation method. The TDMA radio communication system comprises at least a first and a second...
Simultaneous broadcasting receiver
A simultaneous broadcasting receiver of this invention receives simultaneously both analog and digital broadcasts transmitting an identical content, changes...
Semiconductor memory device
A semiconductor memory device according to the present invention where the entire memory area determined by an array of memory cells is divided into a plurality...
Read-out circuit in semiconductor memory device
A read-out circuit comprises a read-out voltage generator circuit converting a memory cell current into a read-out voltage, a reference voltage generator circuit...
Spatial light modulator and a display device
A spatial light modulator comprises: a first substrate (25); a second substrate (26); a layer of electrooptic material disposed between the first substrate and...
Graphic-interface, anti-clipping, color-image correction
Computer-based, anti-clipping, pre-printing, color-image correction via virtual color-parameter controllers that are provided within the graphic user interface...
Multi-function peripheral with camera
A multi-function peripheral device for producing output images. The device includes a scanning system for creating a scanned input image, a camera for creating a...
Display panel and method for fabricating the same
The display panel of this invention includes a pair of glass substrates each with a thickness not less than 0.15 mm and not more than 0.3 mm and a sealing...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device efficiently uses light from light sources by positioning the light sources with respect to a light-guiding member for back...
Reflection-type liquid crystal display device
To suppress a decrease in the contrast caused by the reflection on the interface to the air layer without decreasing the quality of display. A reflection-type...
Signal processing circuit, low-voltage signal generator, and image display
incorporating the same
There are provided: a first logic operation circuit which performs a logic operation using a high-amplitude logic signal; a transmission system having a load...
Driving method of liquid crystal display apparatus, driving apparatus of
liquid crystal display apparatus, and...
A liquid crystal display apparatus includes a plurality of areas in which response speeds greatly different from each other coexist in a pixel. A first...
Feedhorn, radio wave receiving converter and antenna
A feedhorn includes a chassis body, a waterproof cover serving as a cover member and a dielectric antenna. The chassis body includes a waveguide having an...
Optical semiconductor device having a lead frame and electronic equipment
An optical semiconductor device 1a includes a lead frame 4 having an aperture 7, a submount 8 disposed on one surface of the lead frame 4 to close the aperture...
Photo-coupler semiconductor device and production method therefor
A photo-coupler semiconductor device includes first and second planar lead frames each having a main portion and a distal portion, a light emitting element and a...
Method of selective formation of compound semiconductor-on-silicon wafer
with silicon nanowire buffer layer
A compound semiconductor-on-silicon (Si) wafer with a Si nanowire buffer layer is provided, along with a corresponding fabrication method. The method forms a Si...
Method of growing a semiconductor layer
A method of growing a p-type nitride semiconductor material having magnesium as a p-type dopant by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), comprises supplying ammonia gas,...
Method of fabricating a germanium photo detector on a high quality
germanium epitaxial overgrowth layer
A method of fabricating a germanium photo detector includes preparing a silicon substrate; depositing and planarizing a silicon oxide layer; forming contact...
Magnetic recording medium, magnetic recording device, and method of
manufacturing magnetic recording medium
To suppress a magnetic wall movement in the structure including an amorphous magnetic layer as a recording layer, and to realize a high density recording with a...
Conductive ink composition
A conductive ink composition is obtained by dispersing, in an organic solvent, a solid material made from metal fine particles each coated with protective...
A controller determines the degree of acuteness of the resonant oscillation of a piezoelectric oscillator, based on the developer's fluidity detection data...
A small variable demultiplexer capable of improving yield and stabilizing characteristics can be obtained. The small variable demultiplexer includes an SiO.sub.2...
Systems and methods for correcting image color balance
Embodiments of the present invention comprise systems and methods for modification of image color-balance corrections.
Encrypting device, decrypting device, cryptosystem including the same
devices, encrypting method, and...
A cryptosystem includes an encrypting device, a communication path, and a decrypting arithmetic device. Key generation means in the encrypting device generate a...
Nitride semiconductor laser device and semiconductor optical device
A drive current is generated by mixing a pulse signal from a pulse generator and a DC current from a DC current power supply using a T circuit and injected into...
Optical pickup device
Substantially all of the laser light emitted from laser chip(s) 11 toward optical disk(s) 17 may be transmitted through polarizing hologram(s) 13 and may...
Multi-domain liquid crystal display device
The liquid crystal display device of this invention includes a first substrate, a second substrate, and a vertical alignment type liquid crystal layer including...
Intelligent printer installation
An improved system for installing a printer on a computer or a network of computers. The disclosed system is capable of installing and configuring a printer on a...
Method, system and recording medium using a relay device for detecting and
A relay device includes a first signal reception unit receiving a signal from the outside, a first radio communication unit transmitting the signal by radio that...
Fixing device and image forming apparatus having the same
A fixing device includes a feeding roller for feeding a belt-shaped cleaning member which has been rolled up, and a winding roller for taking up the cleaning...
Toner level detection method and image forming apparatus employing such
toner level detection method
Forced supply of toner(s) from toner hopper(s) to developer storage container(s) is executed while interrupting and/or prohibiting image forming operation(s) so...
Systems and methods for illuminant model estimation
Elements of the present invention relate to methods and systems for estimating an image illuminant model. In some embodiments, color gamut models for a plurality...
Systems and methods for illuminant estimation
Embodiments of the present invention comprise systems and methods for estimation of an image illuminant.
Method and apparatus for controlling loop filtering or post filtering in
block based motion compensationed...
Adjacent blocks are identified in an image. Coding parameters for the adjacent blocks are identified. Deblock filtering between the identified adjacent blocks is...
Color error diffusion method for multi-level output device
An improved color-image error diffusion process for use in conjunction with the operation of a multi-level, halftone, color-image output device. This process...